The Most Important Side Effects Of Nutritional Supplements; Studies have shown that taking nutritional supplements can have serious side effects, especially since there is little information about its components and safety, so monitoring of unwanted side effects of nutritional supplements is a problem.
In a study conducted in United States, a third of the side effects of nutritional supplements were classified as causing serious health problems, and both new and well-known reactions such as myocardial infarction, liver failure, bleeding, and even deaths were also recorded where increased severity of physical reactions was associated with the consumption of these normally formed food preparations. It has many components and between long-term use and the age of people who use it, so are there really side effects of taking nutritional supplements or not? This is what we will get to know in our next article:
What are Nutritional Supplements?
Nutritional supplements are foods designed to supplement the general diet such as Custom Keto Diet as nutritional supplements contain a wide range of nutrients or other substances that have a nutritional or physiological effect, so these elements consist of vitamins, minerals, trace elements, amino acids, fatty acids, fibers, plants, or herbal extracts that are added either Individually or collectively in a concentrated form called a dietary supplement.
Dietary supplements are given in dosage form as coated tablets, capsules, and tablets, or as powders and liquids for ingestion in small and specific quantities.
And nutritional supplements compensate for the deficiency in vitamins and minerals that cannot be used in the natural nutrients for one reason or another, and may be prescribed by the specialist or the person taking them without any consulting desire to supplement the deficiency in the nutrients included in his diet.
Unlike other foods, nutritional supplements are provided in packages with a set of consumer-specific information for example: Keep them out of reach of children, and nutritional supplement ingredients should have no medicinal effect.
Unlike pharmaceuticals, nutritional supplements are not subject to the formal approval process in which actual health safety must be demonstrated, and the range of products on the market is randomly examined by the official nutritional control.
Side effects of nutritional supplement
Since data on nutritional supplements are incomplete and there is no information on most products and ingredients in the poison control center databases, it is difficult to verify the association between nutritional supplements and the side effects that can occur.
This is especially the case if the products consist of more than one ingredient, so scientists are calling for more extensive research on the risks associated with consuming nutritional supplements:
Do nutritional supplements compensate for malnutrition?
Resurge Experts warn that nutritional supplements cannot compensate for malnutrition, only in individual cases such as those taken during pregnancy, in old age or in the case of chronic diseases such as Crohn’s disease or severe infections where there may be a lack of nutrients in these cases Which should be replaced by nutritional supplements.
Medical supplements may also be useful in preventing respiratory disease and age-related macular degeneration.
Some diets or high alcohol consumption and smoking often increase the need for some nutrients.
And if you are a vegetarian you have to make sure that you consume all the essential nutrients in sufficient quantities through the foods you eat, and it is difficult to meet the need for iron and vitamin B12 with pure vegetarian food so the person needs nutritional supplements.
Poisonous lead in nutritional supplements
Supplements can contain harmful substances in the body such as silica and other minerals, such as toxic lead in large quantities.
Overdose Supplement Harm
Food supplements in food can lead to an overdose of vitamins and minerals, and high-dose combination products can harm the body.
Each overdose of the supplements has side effects in some cases where the supplements can be beneficial but the overdose can have consequences:
An increase in a dose of Vitamin A (beta-carotene)
: especially for smokers, may increase the risk of lung cancer and cardiovascular disease, and an overdose will harm the bone structure.
Moderate doses of vitamin A supplementation may reduce bone mass (osteoporosis) while high doses can be toxic to the liver or cause fetal abnormalities.
: The body defends itself against an overdose of this vitamin’s supplement with vomiting, diarrhea, and headache.
Also, any person who consumes a lot of vitamin D for a long time should expect the accumulation of calcareous deposits in the vessels and organs, as well as kidney damage, and it may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer.
Vitamin E: Very high doses of vitamin E can increase the risk of prostate cancer, as various studies see a correlation with increased early mortality.
Folic acid or vitamin B9
: It is recommended for pregnant women, but for men, taking folic acid in high doses increases the risk of prostate cancer.
: In case of an overdose, arrhythmia or even circulatory collapse may occur. Kidney patients in particular need to be careful because the kidneys produce less potassium.
: The Federal Institute for Risk Assessment recommends that you do not take nutritional supplements that contain copper, as according to a study conducted, long-term use of copper increases the risk of premature death by up to 18%.
: An overdose of selenium daily can increase your risk of developing diabetes by 50%.
Omega-3 fatty acids
: According to a dietitian, fatty acids can reduce the risk of a heart attack and reduce the tendency to inflammation, but foods that contain omega-3 fatty acids are often unhealthy, so doctors recommend eating foods rich in their natural sources (for example fish) And high-quality oils such as linseed oil or hemp oil, flaxseeds, nuts, and chia seeds) and stay away from supplements.
Calcium and interactions with other medications
: Calcium can reduce the absorption of many medications, including those related to osteoporosis, and the same applies to some antibiotics that fight hypothyroidism.
Can Supplements Be Taken With Medication?
Dietary supplements and medical products should be taken over a period of time in consultation with the attending physician. Interactions with some medicinal products cannot be excluded and the effects of some medicinal products may be weakened or increased which may negatively affect treatment:
Eating fish oil or omega-3 fatty acids with antihypertensive drugs can increase the effects of these medications and thus reduce blood pressure, and birth control pills can negatively affect the ability of fish oil acids to drop triglycerides.
: Bleeding can lead to higher doses of fish oil at the same time as eating herbs that reduce blood clotting (such as ginkgo).
: The ability of a dietary supplement that contains Echinacea to stimulate the immune system may interact with drugs that suppress it, such as the steroid prednisone.
Taking melatonin in a dietary supplement with sedatives can cause you to be sleepy, and melatonin may also slow blood clotting, so taking it with anticoagulants may increase the chance of bruising and bleeding, so you should avoid using melatonin if you are taking medications to control pressure Blood because it can increase it dramatically.
Taking melatonin in combination with other supplements or herbs that have soothing properties (such as valerian) can increase the effects and side effects of melatonin.
: A vitamin D supplement may reduce the effectiveness of medications to control cholesterol, also if you are taking high doses of vitamin D with a diuretic that can increase calcium build-up in the body, which in turn can cause kidney problems.
- 1 What are Nutritional Supplements?
- 2 Side effects of nutritional supplement
- 3 Do nutritional supplements compensate for malnutrition?
- 4 Can Supplements Be Taken With Medication?