Research On The Emerging Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Coronavirus (COVID-19)

The creature that we cannot see with the naked eye and yet managed to upset our world within days, spread from east to west, affected humans in various circumstances, geography and rituals, afflicted developed and late countries, did not differentiate between social, material, religious, intellectual or political conditions.

Research On The Emerging Coronavirus (COVID-19)

In just two months, he was able to compel the world’s largest leaders to decisions that no one could imagine. United States stopped its flights with Europe, Italy arranged patients and prioritized patients for patients in order to receive medical care, Europe was a more endemic focus than China, Saudi Arabia stopped Umrah, and Kuwait prevented prayers in the mosques; Emerging Coronavirus (COVID-19), where did it appear and when?

Coronavirus (COVID-19)
Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Where and when did the new Coronavirus virus appear?

The origin of the Coronavirus COVID-19 is due to a family called corona that has been living in the bodies of various animals for many years, and among these animals: (bats, pigs, species of wild birds, types of wild animals such as: cats and small foxes).

These viruses lived safely and reproduced in the bodies of animals, and at times caused them mild symptoms, but in most cases the animal does not show any problems or diseases.

Man was able to identify this type of virus in the sixties of the last century (1960), and this period is not sufficient to know more about this type of virus.

There are only four types of the Corona family who were able to enter the human body and contract some diseases, and they are: (HKU1), (NL63), (229E) and (OC43).

The main symptoms caused by the previous four types were: cold, mild sneezing, and diarrhea. Most of us have been exposed to these types and we thought they were common cold or flu.

History of the appearance of the Coronavirus (COVID-19)

About less than twenty years ago, one of the species of the Corona family, it is believed that he lived in the body of bats and some types of small mammals, but because of the man storming the forests and hunting them in the animals, collect them, then display them in the markets to sell them, and thus cook them and eat them, and this Which we are seeing in many countries like China and many Asian countries.

SARS-COV-1 Virus

In November 2002, it was recorded in western China that people were infected with a new type of corona family known as the SARS-COV-1. The prevalence was rapid, in just two weeks, the SARS-1 spread reached about 26 countries from Canada to China to America to Russia to India to Sweden to Germany, and death rates were high estimated at 10%, and the total number of injuries was about 8,000 people during eight months The number of deaths reached 800 people.

However, despite these proportions, this virus, despite its spread, was controlled and its transmission from one person to another was suspended. It disappeared and no new cases were recorded to this day or new resurge, and this was through quarantine and following medical isolation methods.

MERS-CoV virus

After about ten years, and specifically in the year 2012 AD, a severe and pneumonia case appeared on a Saudi farmer, when researching the cause, it was found to be the second virus that was first discovered from the Corona family known as the (MERS-CoV) Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus.

What was specifically discovered by the Egyptian doctor, Prof. Dr. Ali Muhammad Zaki, a professor of virology at Ain Shams University, was a doctor in a hospital in Saudi Arabia at that time.

But the question is, how did this virus reach the farms?

The Coronavirus COVID 19 began to be transmitted between bats to other animals with successive mutations, until it reached a kind of Arab camel, and from it to the person who raises it, deals with it, consumes its meat and consumes its milk.

This time the mortality rates were higher and more alarming. One in three people who were infected with the virus lost their lives, the death rate reached about 35%, and also the virus is new to us and it is also considered we as an alien environment. His transmission from person to person was in small proportions because he does not transmit unless the person is very close to the other person. Indeed, the largest proportions of his infection were doctors and nurses. The total number of injuries reached 2494 people, 80% of the cases were from Saudi Arabia, and 20% from outside.

Coronavirus COVID-19

In November of 2019, a number of people with acute pneumonia appeared in the eastern city of Wuhan, China, when searching for the cause turned out to be a new virus from the Corona family with mutations with a different effect known as the emerging coronavirus (COVID-19), apparently He used to live in the bodies of bats, which in turn transported him to some types of mammals (Pangolin), the scaly anteater that feeds on insects. .

Pangolin
Pangolin

To this day, about two million injuries have been recorded in most countries of the world, only 7000 injuries in the first month, meaning that if we complete the year 2020, the number of injuries will increase to reach about 70% of the Earth’s population due to the very large prevalence rate. But although the death rate has not yet crossed the dangerous threshold, the recovery rates have reached around 600,000.

Why is 19-Covid Virus dangerous?

The danger of this virus is that it is malignant. Symptoms do not appear on you, and if they appear, they are slight to medium, as this virus makes you move and do your work while you are pregnant, but unfortunately it transmits it from one person to another without feeling.

A virus that spreads very quickly and kills a large percentage, making it a dangerous virus, especially since the information about it is still simple.

And given that we all have not been exposed to this type of virus before, this means that we do not all have sufficient immunity to eliminate it, we are all exposed to the same risk, and all of us if we do not take serious steps we will be vulnerable to infection.

We may be able to overcome it if we have sufficient immunity, but we may pass it on to people who do not have sufficient immunity such as the elderly or who suffer from chronic diseases.

The goal now is to slow the spread of the Coronavirus COVID-19 until a treatment or vaccine is developed.

What are the symptoms of infection with the Covid 19 Coronavirus?

Coronavirus (COVID-19)
Coronavirus (COVID-19)

The first symptoms are not very specific, and include:

Headache.
Muscle pain.
Tired.
Fever, difficulty breathing, and respiratory problems occur secondly, usually after two or three days after the first symptoms.

In the first prescriptive studies in China, it takes an average of a week between the first symptoms and hospitalization.

At this point, the symptoms combine fever, cough, chest pain, and respiratory discomfort, and during a chest scan, signs of pneumonia affecting both lungs appear.

Other clinical signs are described since the first studies: signs of damage to the central nervous system, which are especially expressed in the elderly in the form of confusion. Sudden loss of taste or smell, an event that is still rare, but confirms Covid-19 diagnosis.

The severity of clinical signs requires approximately 20% of patients hospitalized and 5% require intensive care. The most dangerous forms are mainly observed in people with weak immunity due to their age (over 70 years) or who suffer from chronic diseases.

Recent studies show that the Coronavirus can spread to other people by an infected person who has no symptoms. This includes people who have no symptoms yet.

Experts know that this type of transmission occurs when people are in close contact with each other or when they are in a close physical environment. This means that it is extremely important to follow proven preventive measures.

How long is the virus incubating?

The incubation period is 5 to 6 days on average, with an extremes of 2 to 12 days, which justifies the 14-day quarantine period.

What do I do if I feel the same symptoms?

Staying home for 14 days to avoid injuring others:

If you don’t live alone, isolate yourself in a room or keep two meters away with other people.

Visit your health professional or local public health institution:
People with mild symptoms of COVID-19 can stay home while providing care throughout their recovery without needing hospitalization. If you are caring for a child or person suspected or suspected COVID-19 in it, it is important to follow the advice of caregivers. These tips will help you protect yourself and others who live at home, as well as people in your community.

If you feel sick while traveling:
Please notify the Border Services Officer upon arrival in your country in case you think you have been exposed to COVID-19, even if you do not have any symptoms.

Basic preventive measures against the emerging coronavirus

Be up to date with the latest information about the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through the national and local public health agency. Most people who develop the infection experience mild symptoms and recover, but it can be more serious for others. Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:

Wash your hands often:
Clean your hands properly by rubbing hands thoroughly with alcohol or washing them with soap and water.

Why are we doing this? Washing hands with soap and water, or rubbing them with alcohol, kills viruses that may be on your hands.

Maintain the concept of social spacing:
Keep a distance of one meter (at least 3 feet) between you and anyone who coughs or sneezes in front of you.

Why are we doing this? When someone coughs or sneezes, they release small liquid drops (spray) from their nose or mouth that may contain the virus. If you are very close, you may inhale these drops, including the COVID-19 virus especially if the person has a cough.

Avoid touching the eyes, nose and mouth:
Why are we doing this? Hands touch many surfaces and can catch viruses. Thus, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose, or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.

Training in personal (respiratory) hygiene:
Ensure good personal hygiene for you and those around you. This means covering your mouth and nose with your elbow or with a piece of fabric when you cough or sneeze. Then discard the used cloth immediately.

Why are we doing this? Because drops from the mouth spread the Coronavirus. Thus by following good (respiratory) hygiene, you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.

But if you have a fever, cough, and trouble breathing continuously, seek medical attention early.

Stay home if you feel unwell:
Why? The national and local authorities will receive the most recent information about the situation in your area. Contacting in advance will allow your healthcare provider to quickly guide you to the appropriate health center. This will also protect you and help prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.

Stay informed and follow the advice provided by your healthcare provider:
Stay up to date on the latest developments about COVID-19 Update. Follow the advice provided by your healthcare provider, national and local public health authority or your employer on how to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.

In the end Of Coronavirus COVID-19

This disease or Coronavirus COVID-19 epidemic is like any other disease, and treatment will be available soon, God willing, so protect yourself and your family by following precautionary measures, and try to control your fears and your concerns and do not need to be overly anxious.